Atomic bomb and it’s various lenses on the society

Atomic bomb and it’s various lenses on the society

The atomic bomb was a nuclear weapon which was detonated by the united states over the Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki during the final stages of the war. These bombing led to the killing of more than 200,000 people most of whom were civilians. The attack by the bomb is considered to be one of the costly invasions During world war II (Coblentz and Coblenz 165). The development of clear measures has been put in place for countries producing the weapon facing sanction form most of the nations in the world.

The description of the topics from the different viewpoint differs from the results of searching the topic through these various lenses.

The multiple historical lenses put in place for this research entails the political lens which states the existing relationship between politicians and the civilians, social lens indicates the interaction of people and the economic lens the general notion of economy.

The political measures which are considered are to save the lives of thousands of soldiers who participated in the war.

The Americans were displaying their power to the world upon detonating the atomic bomb in Japan with the mission to create influence in world governing body.

The other political lens on the use of the atomic bomb was to end the prolonged war despite the possibilities of casualties to the affected individuals (Griffin, et al. 7).

There was massive destruction of properties in the atomic bomb of Hiroshima and Nagasaki which crippled the development of the country. There was also damage and direct consequences for medical care. Many victims were affected by their health because they needed immediate care for medical procedures. The bombing destroyed the medical supplies since the areas hit contained hospitals and the country’s medical supplies (Griffin, et al. 8)).

The government experience challenges to create and provide essential basic needs to the people affected. As a result, the development of domestic policy which had the basis on the public fear and uncertainty about the war was out in place. These were made with assumptions that it would assist in saving the lives of individual living with anxiety.

The focus through the topic selected the analysis of the economic lens in terms of the advantages and disadvantages would be appropriate to determine the policies put in place to avoid the use of atomic bombs.

The advantage of an economic lens would be on the perspectives of a general economic recovery. The primary role would be the determination time during which life-threatening conditions might persist. The disadvantage is that there were direct consequences in regards to the loss of properties and death of people to boost the economy (French et al. 10).

Researching the topic is useful since it provides people with the necessary knowledge of the past. The importance of this is to improve the perception of the current elements that affect people today. The possible need to understand the existence and how the development of the world is maintained, then the application of history will be useful especially the concept of the atomic bomb.

History is considered to crucial part of human beings because it reminds people of past events. These past events assist in remedying the understanding of future development of the world. The focus is to avoid the errors by mitigating with possible means of making the right decisions before undertaking an action such as the detonation of the atomic bomb (Pape 170).

There is a possibility in which history can repeat itself. The reason for this is because often people forget about the losses of the past such as the detonation of the atomic bomb. As a result, when such situations retake place, the same events would take place and even worse.

There is a belief that history often repeats itself, or parts of resolved issues come back to the present day. Historical issues would be social issues, racism, and war.

 In week one on the video “What is history for” the phrase “Those who don’t know history are doomed to repeat it.”   This informs us that people have already repeated history, by not knowing the effects of the past.

It is the right of the citizen to know the history to assist in understanding past events. This proves the foundation on the ways to improve upon these issues and start to look for measures to shape the future such as sanctioning countries making the atomic bombs.


•Coblentz, S. A., & Coblenz, S. A. (1945). THE CHALLENGE OF THE ATOMIC BOMB. World Affairs, 108(3), 164-167.

•Pape, R. A. (1993). Why Japan Surrendered. International Security, 18(2), 154-201.

•Griffin, K., Paulbeck, C., Bolch, W., Cullings, H., Egbert, S., Funamoto, S., … & Lee, C. (2019). Dosimetric Impact of a New Computational Voxel Phantom Series for the Japanese Atomic Bomb Survivors: Children and Adults. Radiation research.

•French, B., Funamoto, S., Sugiyama, H., Sakata, R., Cologne, J., Cullings, H. M., … & Preston, D. L. (2018). Pre-bombing population density in Hiroshima and Nagasaki: its measurement and impact on radiation risk estimates in the Life Span Study of atomic bomb survivors. American journal of epidemiology.

Procrastination: Baseline Report And Treatment Phase

Procrastination: Baseline Report And Treatment Phase

Target Behavior

The chosen target behavior for the experiment was the participant’s lack of the ability to do a task which needs to be accomplished. Primarily this is referred to as procrastination which further states the habitual or the intentional delay for either starting or finishing a task despite understanding the consequences.

Treatment Method

Procrastination is hurting the productivity of an individual in various ways. However, the treatment option of the condition entails cognitive behavioral therapy as a type of psychotherapy. The treatment option often focuses on the treatment of avoiding negative patterns of behavior and thought for a general healthier outlook. Further, the procedure is often considered to be an option to treat anxiety and depression which can be used in the prevention of harmful habits such as procrastination. There are various steps which should be considered to be used in the treatment of the condition. Correcting the thought patterns are one of how to assist in treatment. Additionally, this focuses on describing the negative aspects of the work because it is imperative to put up individual moments to catch up with negative attitudes or patterns (Cerino, 2014). The next item to put into consideration for treatment of procrastination is to break things into the smallest steps to determine the elements which consist of the entire work. Besides, developing breakdown can include an outline of the work into portions which can be managed.

Treatment Period

The treatment of the condition will begin immediately after following the baseline phase that affects an individual. Furthermore, the counselor will develop the steps which will be followed for the treatment period. The initial treatment phase will last for fourteen days which then follow the intervention of the second baseline phase. Similarly, the development of the second baseline started on the first of March and ended on March eighth, 2019. Additionally, the second treatment option began on March ninth and then finished on eleventh of the same month. Nonetheless, the second baseline and treatment phases lasted for about ten days each.

Narrative Experiment

The identified participants used were eleven graduate students enrolled in a ten-week single subject course which was designed at the large university. Although the representation of the group entailed three different academic programs, every student was informed on the instructional methodology that was being used to evaluate the class progress. However, they were not briefed on the other hand about the details of the dependent and independent variables. Further, the students in the course gave their consent for their data to be used in the study.  Nonetheless, the class had the component of the study where there were cases of in-class quizzes and conducted in the computer lab of the university (Cerino, 2014). The room was furnished with all the necessary chairs, tables and desktop computers to the internet and the students also used the university computers to take the pretest and in-class quizzes. Notably at least one of the authors was present when these activities were taking place.


There are various aspects which were put into consideration given the fact that procrastination entails many elements which surround the cause of not being able to complete different tasks. The central dimension which was used consists of three types of computers to assess the performance measurements of the practice quizzes present and weekly in-class quizzes. Further, these evaluation dimensions were being accessed through the course web platform which entailed the various question selected with choices of multiple questions. The participants also received full credit only when they answered the correct options of the answers. The provided sets of the question were developed for every week with similar questions assessed on the same criteria.

Summary Treatment

Dependent Measures

The University computer server systems were used to collect all the data with the frequency server being used in the practice of quizzes completed. Further, the determination of the scores from the quiz is through the clinking of submitting the quiz button. It is also noted that there was a record of date and time when these quizzes were completed, and the scores were either correct or incorrect according to the computer system of the university. The result is then being divided by using the number of responses which are correct by the number of available responses.


there is a comparison of two schedules on the online practice delivered from the quiz which entails the access of noncontingent and contingent aspects which are designed with the use of baseline of the participants. The students were instructed about the first class to be available on the course website to assist them in studying for quizzes in class. The focus of this is the determination of contingencies which explain the baseline through the ruling of treatments attained in the e-mail of each student when the available conditions changed. Similarly, these can break after the schedule of the course are a result of holidays.

Noncontingent access (baseline)

There is a development of a 24 hours schedule which is established with the aim of accessing the practice of quizzes regarding the noncontingent of the fixed time. Primarily this begins after the class session where there was the availability of a quiz per day till all of them are done. For instance when the class is scheduled for Tuesday evening, then the easy quiz is opening for Wednesday. The procedure repeats itself for the rest of the days with the final become on Tuesday.

Contingent access

There was a provision of the first quiz based on non- contingency on the early morning with the subsequent quizzes being under practice on completion of the initial practice. An example is found on the level of participation of the individuals to complete the first practice so that they can gain access to the second practice. Besides, their next quiz was provided for the following morning for the involved participants to obtain one of the practices. Nonetheless, this enables the participants who were not able to complete their first practice quiz on the third day to get enough time for accessing the five practices provided.

Acceptability Ratings

The participants of the experience were given the validity questionnaire to complete anonymously during their final class. These were the elements which were asked to circle as the essential values describing the scale. They were asked to mark a value on an applicable scale indicating the extent to which;

  • Practice questions helped prepare for in‐class questions.
  • They preferred practice questions to other means of studying.
  • They believed that practice questions added to their preparedness for in‐class questions.
  • They find attractive each schedule of practice questions access.
  • They would like to practice questions in future classes.
  • They printed practice questions for offline use.

The determined results indicate lack of treatment because most of the involved participants gained little during the first part of the period. Additionally, during this time there was also a shift from participants while studying through evenly distribution patterns to finish the quizzes. The importance of this was to primarily enable the temporary development of pattern distribution which response to represent the levels of procrastination to be reduced. The change determined to respond in this situation indicated that it was quite durable because the existence of holiday, the classes were not met for the last four weeks of the academic term.

Therefore, it was necessary for the participants to have a free week without any studies and quizzes. Conversely, there was also an indication from the data showing that the response of the students went back to preholiday norms after the release of the rule in the email. The reason for this is because most of the performance of students were better on the quizzes done in class when the condition was being treated. Besides, there was an improvement in the scores made which had a variance between the participants given the fact that the general information entailed a similar letter with half the grade. The response in the pattern was also determined to be compatible with the procrastination model and self-control expressed with the aversive events in the study models. The results which were obtained from the unevenly distributed studying patterns especially during the baseline was developed specifically with the aim of producing a forgoing regular passed as well as being in the action of the unprepared level of the exams. Primarily this assisted in serving as a motivation way for operating the underlined study which increased the likelihood for study which might have been delayed for the sessions. More importantly, it is imperative to understand that the access of contingency level for the additional practice of the quizzes established during the beginning of the week increased the preparedness and the potential for attaining motivation to ultimately engage in large bursts of studying during the end of the week. However, there was some occurrence of few exceptions made when the large amounts of studies were being delayed and did not take place because of the regular responding which were experienced in the entire week of study. Nonetheless, the existing intervention can be described to assist in applying the management performance model which is based on the model to accomplish higher education. The primary concerns entail components of the model which divide the task into significant tasks with explicit definition to detailing the frequency of deadlines through reinforcing other smaller tasks. The interventions which are put in place through the studies state the total amount of materials which needs to be covered to address the aspect for treating the level of procrastination. Primarily this can be elaborated through the provision of deadlines which requires daily practices on the quizzes to complete the incorporated reinforcement of the contingency for the studies.


Cerino, E. S. (2014). Relationships Between Academic Motivation, Self-Efficacy, and Academic Procrastination. Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research19(4).

Perrin, C. J., Miller, N., Haberlin, A. T., Ivy, J. W., Meindl, J. N., & Neef, N. A. (2011). MEASURING AND REDUCING COLLEGE STUDENTS’PROCRASTINATION. Journal of applied behavior analysis44(3), 463-474.

Ross stores incorporation and it’s corporate Governance

Ross stores incorporation and it’s corporate Governance

Ross stores incorporation is one of the top companies in America and operates in the retail industry. The company headquarter is located in Dublin California and is listed in an S&P500, fortune 500, as well as Nasdaq 100 in the world.  The evaluation of Ross stores is structured in various forms of management which consist of the disclosure, equitable treatment, the rights of shareholders, and the board of directors. Ross stores did not meet all of these categories of corporate governance.  Furthermore, the company obtained a total score of 79 with the areas which performed highly consist of equal treatment of shareholders, the role of stakeholders and the disclosure of transparency. The board of governors and the rights of stakeholders are some of the areas which recorded the poorest performance from the score toolkit in the survey. The reason why the board of governor presented a poor performance is because the company does not specify various aspect such as the length of service. They should always have a specific time frame of serving the company because it is always a norm for most companies to take one year.

The rights of stakeholders should also be put into consideration by Ross stores because of its poor performance. The reason for this is because the company should engage the members to participate through the activities of the company especially during the annual meetings to assist in evaluating the corporate governance system. The disclosure and transparency has the highest performance because it focuses on accountability of the corporate governance with the aim of improving the operational  process of the company.

Company Background

Ross Company is one of the departmental store’s companies, which was first opened in the 1950s. The organization operates officially under the brand name “Ross Dress for Less” within its stores.  The mission of the company is to commit to creating value to their associates and the surrounding community with a high level of integrity and ethics. The objective of the organization is also to fulfill the mission of offering the customers with the best brand name bargains (Ross Stores, Inc.). This is to empower the associates to operate in ways that minimize the impacts of the environment to give back to the community where they work. The vision statement of the company, on the other hand, is to address various variables to their esteemed customers. These consist of respect, growth, humility, accountability, collaboration, integrity, compassion and authenticity.

The financial information of the company is reported to have earnings per share in the third quarter of 2018 to be $91 with the net earning growing to$338 million up for a previous $274 in the prior year. Primarily, these sales indicate a rise of about 7% to $3.5 billion. The valuation ratios in regards to the P/E ratio (TTT) are valued at 23.24 and the price to sale ration at about 23.31 (Bloomberg Inc.). The profitability ratio under the gross margin of the company is 28.67 and operating margin of 13.99 with an average of the last five years of being at 13.8.

The Written Report on CG Survey Results

The Corporate Governance survey result entails various elements, which are used to determine the effectiveness of the company management. The survey develops categories discussion are reported as below

Category I. The rights of stakeholders and key ownership

The Corporate Governance of Ross stores have implemented the system which recognizes the ownership rights of all the stakeholders. The importance of this is to understand the rights to be protected which consist of monitoring and participating in decision making at the GSM. The company also allows for members to vote when attending shareholders meeting. However, the result of the score recorded the percentage due to lack of the company to adopt a written policy and procedure that can be used to extend a pre-emptive right in connection to offering shares in a private placement to new investors.

Category II.the equal treatment of shareholders

Equal treatment of shareholders has been demonstrated by the company through the analysis of the survey. The members have the right to vote and protection where the interests of each of them are protected by law. Besides the shareholders also have the opportunities to exercise their rights effectively regardless of their violation of these rights. As a result, this category has achieved scores of 7% with little issues experienced. The minority shareholders do not have the equal rights of protection from the abuse of actions from the interest controlled by more substantial shareholders.

Category III the role of stakeholders

The stakeholders have the role of deciding on the management of the company, participation in the voting process during the meetings of GSM. Besides, they also must monitor register and attend the shareholders meeting. However, there are some responsibilities which have not been stipulated by the company to the stakeholders. Primarily this is the factors which have to reduce the scores for this category, and it describes that the shareholder does not have the right to act against the BOD to protect their rights.

Category IV disclosure and transparency

The framework of corporate governance has an effective approach in which it can address and promote the provision of analysis where it discloses the materials financial and business transactions with the stakeholders. Additionally, the quality of disclosed information is also prepared for the stakeholders in accordance with the standards of accounting financial and non-financial disclosure. The significance of this is to improve the ability of investors to monitor the company reliability and comparability of reporting the performance.

Category V. the responsibilities of the Board of Directors

The board of directors is considered to be the executive members of the corporate governance and is responsible for representing the interest of the organization either indirect or direct. The members of BOD are elected every annual meeting to represent the interest of shareholders in the operations of the company. The efficiency the members of the board of directors are indicated when they meet the minimum qualification requirements for competency and skis to make the operation of the company.  The responsibilities of the BOD are fulfilled accordingly considering the analysis from the survey making it record a score of 32%.

Below are the figure and charts describing the scores

Ross stores Incorporation has a well-established corporate governance practice that stipulates the policies developed according to the highest standards of integrity. The focus of their mission is to cover the governing principles and expectations in regards to ethics to achieve their goals in the business market. Therefore, the SWOT analysis of corporate governance is essential to determine the success of its operation. The strength of the corporate governance of Ross stores is based on the initiatives made regarding the internal strategies and their factors. The board has ensured that the firm thrives through its market place by helping it to protect the market share through providing a robust free cash flow to the management with the aim of expanding its operations (Serrano Maldonado 25). Besides, the provision of strong free cash flow has been enabled through the successful track record of monitoring the use and sources of finance.

The weakness of corporate governance of the company, on the other hand, focuses on areas where the management needs to improve upon. The board of management has not ensured proper financial planning to meet the industrial operations. This is evident from the survey under the category of disclosure and transparency and its score. There are gaps and inefficiency in the use of finance, which is indicated through its current asset ratio and liquid asset ratios that suggest that the company can use its financial ratios more than it is doing in the present situation. The opportunities of the corporate governance of Ross stores are the ability to have a distinction of the board of management in regards to their duties. The purpose of this can assist in visualizing the need to incorporate new trends, such as capturing new customers through initiating corporate social responsibility (Serrano Maldonado 25). This attracts the customers since the company shows their commitment not only to make a profit but also to give back to the community. The company can also strategize its operations through understanding any new taxation policies to significantly impact their way of doing business by opening up new opportunities at the Ross stores to increase their profitability.

The threats that face the corporate governance of Ross Company relates to its strategic management and the relationship with government policy and regulations. Primarily, the government can implement the laws that influence the operations of the company that can expose the firm to various liability claims due to the change of policies in the market. The other form of threat that the company may face is the development of new technologies from the competitors (Serrano Maldonado 30). This can influence the operations of the company because its goals are often based on future and long-term objectives. Therefore, understanding its relevance can assist the company in meeting its demands and become one of the best in the industry.

Findings and Conclusions

The following is a summary table for the results and discussion of SWOT.

The strength of the CGThe successful integration of strong free cash flow to the necessary resources for the company’s expansion. This has provided an opportunity for the company to expand its projects due to the availability of resources. Similarly, it has also improved the level of customer satisfaction due to the provision of offers and quality products in the market.
Weaknesses of CGPoor financial planning by the company considering the profitability ratio and net contribution being below the industry average.
Opportunities for CGThe distinction of the board of governors in regards to their duties and the company. This has given the managers to determine new channels of attracting customers, such as the establishment of an online platform in the company.
Threats of CGThe development of government regulations and policies is one of the risks the company can face. This is due to the existence of several companies, which the government needs to track their operational activities. In turn, it may influence or expose various claims, such as liabilities due to the changes in the market.

The corporate governance of the company in regards to its background indicates improvements in its operations. The financial reports have shown a rise of nearly 7% of profitability in the last quarter of 2018, which signifies proper and efficient management of the company. Some factors have contributed to this improvement in the control of corporate governance.  These consist of the accountability of the board of directors through their respective responsibility to ensure the success of the company. Besides the development and role of business partners through initiating viable opportunities has also been significant to improve the performance of the company.

The findings, especially from the corporate governance score result, are also imperative to understand. The result indicates that the company obtained a significant score in general performance. This is because it managed above average performance, which demonstrates the commitment of the involved parties in the management of the company. The highest specific performance was on the role of stakeholders. However, it also determined that the company has not upheld the rights of shareholders and critical ownership as well as the responsibility of the board of governance effectively. This is determined by the low record from the scores of the result. The aspect of upholding the rights of shareholders has not been fully integrated because the company has not adopted the written prohibitions introducing and making considerations on the topics that are not previously disclosed in the agenda.

Therefore, it is recommended that the company ensure that the rights of the shareholders are upheld at all times to ensure transparency in the management of the business. The importance of transparency in management assists in enhancing the prest to safeguard the rights of shareholders is conducted in a fair manner. The responsibility of the board of governance should also be put into consideration under corporate governance to ensure a higher level of independence when it comes to the provision of duties and responsibilities, which do not affect the internal operations of the company.

Works Cited

San Jose, Alyssa L., and Keith E. Nelson Corporate Governance Diagnostic Toolkit

            For Listed Companies. V.11, no.15. 2016, pp. 1-8

Bloomberg Inc, “Specialty Retail”Company Overview of Ross Stores, Inc (2019)

   Accessed 26 Feb 2019.

Ross Stores, Inc. “Ross Corporate – Overview.” Ross Dress for Less, 2019, Accessed 26 Feb 2019.

Serrano Maldonado, Roberto Esteban. “Ross Stores Inc. Informe de la industrial, “2015, pp.1-40.


The financial information of Ross stores.

  1. Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio (TTM)23.24
P/E High-last 5yrs23.7
P/E Low -last 5yrs17.5
  • The profitability ratios
The gross margin (TTM)28.67
The gross margin -5yrs avg28.43
EBITD margin (TTM)16.21
EBITD -5YR avg16.00

Country Research Project: Business operations risks involved

Country Research Project: Business operations risks involved

The project will illustrate the opportunities and associated risks involved in the development of a company providing cloud-based software to small and medium business in Germany. The research will primarily focus on the innovation and technology market of medium-sized companies in Germany which have been left out by the giant providers due to low profitability in the investments. The level of technology within the country has grown significantly due to the existing trends and innovations around the world with a market gap among the small and medium-sized companies. Primarily this is because the cost of installation and maintenance provided by the existing company is slightly higher making it difficult for these organization to adapt. Besides, over the past years, the association between the United States and the German government has disrupted the operations making these large organizations to stop their activities within the region. As a result, this will be an opportunity to venture given the fact that there will be an opportunity to capitalize before the political and economic stability between the United States of America and Germany. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the essential needs which the small and medium-sized companies in Germany will benefit from through the provision of the software which brings together internal communications, projects; clients work in one location.

Economic Risks

Every country in the world has its investment opportunities which often attracts different companies to operate. Further, the potential opportunities which are available in Germany are essential but also attracts the economic risks to the interested businesses.  These risks are mainly entailing the macroeconomic conditions of the foreign country. There are various economic risks which will affect the operation of this company in Germany. Government regulations can be one of the economic risks which the company may experience because there are laws which can be imposed to affect the business operations (Boddewyn 90). These may consist of increased taxation of the foreign companies which may in turn influence the activity of the business negatively.

Notably, the existing misunderstandings of the European Union and the United States over the past years can cause sanction or higher taxation of the company operations within their country. The other economic risk possibility of exchange rates between the nations. The currency rate of Germany will automatically affect the business operations due to the valuation of money which would require proper management to complete a transaction. An increase in the exchange rate in favor of the business might lead to more value of the business operations. The decrease, on the other hand, can result in the loss of the business value of the activities. For instance, in case the company wants to borrow money from the united states of America then the amount to be repaid may accumulate more interest than expected (Quadrini 22). In general, the economic risks are considered as one of the reasons for the investment to carry higher risk as compared to the local operation of business activities. The management is put into the risk to deal with exposed transactions of the business activities. Additionally, these economic risks can also be useful when the management of the business critically evaluate them to outweigh the challenges.

The Cultural Risks

There are various restrictions in doing business activity in Germany due to the existing cultural practices. For instance, the typical business culture meetings in Germany often starts slowly where the decisions are not usually made until the end. There is a large gap which exists between the executive level and the rest of the company because the process of decision making is considered to be made by an individual or board of directors. One of the cultural risks associated with doing in Germany is the relationship ties of people which can impact the operations of the business needs to meet its objectives. Therefore, there are various cultural aspects which need to be put into consideration before developing business in Germany.

The understanding of personal space can be different from other people. Primarily this is because Germany has a warm and welcoming belief of acceptance which exists especially after doing businesses with them. Further, they also have a strict perception of time given the fact that they often tend to arrive early for meetings more than the Americans. As a result, it would be essential to understand and comply with such changes to operating the business effectively in Germany (Boddewyn 98). The fundamental principle in the cultural risks to conduct business in Germany should be managed to realize the cultural differences which may affect the business operations. Primarily the business such as providing software for business requires much attention and need to embrace cultural aspects to minimize failure and capitalize on opportunities.

Political Risks

The uncertainties of business risks are not limited to the political factors which have multiple needs to be understood. Most of the countries experience these risks due to the instability of the government. The concern is made on the aspect of the stability or effectiveness of the government with the aims of protecting the business interests. Lack of proper foreign trade policies can cause the business operations to lose the value and profitability in the long run. The political risks can be divided into macro and microelements(Boddewyn 102). The macro risks impact consists of events such as civil war major international confrontations between government. For instance, the political risk which is facing Germany is the confrontation with the United States over the business ties and conflicts due to the disagreement of partnerships, primarily through their companies.

Notably, there are different types of political risks which consist of expropriation where the government can seize or confiscate the investment of the company. The other risk is the transfer and conversion where the foreign government can decide to impose prohibitions and restrictions on the conversations of local currency. This can prevent their money from leaving the country and in turn hinder the business operations. Therefore, the business should be ready to prepare ways in which it can protect itself from these potential political risks. The primary measure to consider is the political risk insurance which is crucial to protect the investment from unforeseen events. The emerging trends of political risks are often predictable in emerging markets within the contemporary world. The need to initiate these potential risks need proper planning and mitigation strategies to put in place for preventing the possibility of such occurrence in business operations.

Financial Risks

The financial risk is the possibility in which the management and other shareholders of a business can lose money through investment in companies which have debts or prove to have inadequate cash to meet the financial obligations. The focus is to develop the ability to manage the finance and debt leverage to cover and generate sufficient revenue for operational expenses (Quadrini 20). The investment in foreign nations is advised to be looked into to increase the total return of the business portfolio by diversifying the benefits to achieve additional low correlation assets of the targeted market. Therefore, various risks in which a company is providing software can experience in the long run. These consist of higher transaction costs that can be the likely barrier to invest in the international markets.

The level of globalization often varies and depends on the market targeted for investing. For instance, the charges within the local markets of Germany is affected by various aspects such as corruption in the business market. Bribery and corruption claims are considered one of the significant problems and deemed illegal by the government. Although there are improvements over the past years, it is imperative to understand the need to put into consideration of such factors in achieving the targeted goals (Quadrini 22).  The other financial risk which can face the business in Germany is the liquidity risks which is also a coherent experience in foreign markets. The ability to not able to sell the stock or product quickly should be a concern to business management. There are many measures which can be used to evaluate the liquidity of an asset before the purchase. One of the ways is through observing the bid-ask spread when selling the products in the country. The bottom-line aspect which should be put into consideration is to understand the possible financial risk expected in Germany to assist in developing strategies and measures to mitigate them to achieve a business objective.

Market Potential and Entry Strategy    

The market entry is always a planned delivery and distribution method in which products and services are made to the target market. Developing a new business venture in providing cloud-based software to small and medium business is a potential opportunity in Germany. The development of this opportunity is signified through the high costs of the services offered by the existing firms within the country. Besides, it is imperative to understand that the current situation of telecommunication reforms and development has significantly improved. The adoption of ICTs access can be described to have grown on the penetration per 100 inhabitants to an average of 70% due to the influence of the wireless creation (Wu et al. 9). Further, this growth has also advanced to represent a GDP of about 7% which are about the development of mobile telephony. In regards to the broadband development, there is an increase in penetration in Germany to a tune of about 87% making it among the highest rate broadband penetration Europe. According to cloud computing monitor, there is an indication that every two out of three companies use cloud computing solutions in Germany (Wu et al. 9). These reports thus indicate the potential growth in the industry of information technology that has a target market for the business venture.

The market entry in such an industry is vital to research with the aim to assist in clarifying the trends of business operations. There are various factors to consider before the business entry to build a winning market entry strategy. Setting clear goals on the specific need to achieve in the new market such as the expectation of sales to obtain should be put into consideration. Primarily this can be achieved through a proper understanding of the market by learning the social, political and cultural climate (Lieberman 532). The other element to consider is the need to study the level of competition. Analysis indicates that the level of competition for the small and medium-sized company is higher but only need the right price of the product to achieve the goals.

Organizational Structure and Business Operations

The organizational structure of the business venture would require a simple hierarchical form which is characterized by the function base as well as the hierarchy. The management would focus on building a functional structure organization in which the operations will undertake the supervision, directions allocation of responsibilities and management accordingly. The management will select the processes and presentations on how to carry the duties. This form of organizational structure will assist the business venture to make entry strategy options to make quick decision-making processes as the members of the group will be able to interconnect effortlessly among each other (Kim and Sungwook 40). Moreover, this form of management of business operations will assist in improving employee performance because it outlines the tasks given to the employees where the manager is responsible for overseeing the employees.

Marketing and Management Focus

Market Targeting segmentation and positioning strategies are some of the measures which can be used by the technology innovation business venture to market its operation within the targeted market. Market segmentation entails the process of dividing the market according to potential customers into groups of various characteristics. The creation of segments is composed of consumers who respond in a similar way in which the marketing strategies supports their interests, needs, and locations. The importance of market segmentation assists the company to target the segmented groups instead of each potential customer individually.

Similarly, it also reduces the possible risk of an unsuccessful or ineffective marketing campaign (Chonko and Shelby 90). Developing a marketing strategy would be essential to impact business activities within the target market. The use of the marketing mix can be a useful strategy to analyze and set controllable and tactical marking tools for the business venture. The management focus, on the other hand, can be designed to meet the leadership ability in the operations of the business venture. One of the ways the management focus can be applied is through cost leadership and differentiation strategies. The cost leadership strategy describes the desire to compete based on the prices by targeting the narrow market.  The business venture which applies this strategy is not necessarily charging the lowest price in the industry, but instead, it relatively lowers the prices to compete within the targeted market. The use of differentiation strategy focuses on offering features which fulfill the demands of the narrow market. It also entails the use of low-cost forms by using different channels of sales on their product.


The industry of cloud-based computing services is one of the advanced fields which requires proper strategy management to achieve the goals within different markets. Providers and business ventures often face different challenges within their target markets. There are various useful recommendations which should be put into consideration to mitigate these issues. The service provided by the business venture should be unique in terms of differentiation from other companies in the market. Primarily this can be in regards to cloud management solutions offered to the customers which need to have the leverage of the latest hardware’s, software solutions and virtualization to support the connection of data centers. The other recommendation is the service management where the company should provide a quantified service set with applications that the end user can consume through the provider. This ensures customer loyalty because the clients have been guaranteed of the safety, metering measures billing cycles and resource management systems.

Works cited

Boddewyn, Jean J. “Political aspects of MNE theory.” The Eclectic Paradigm. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2015, pp. 85-110.

Chonko, Lawrence B., and Shelby D. Hunt. “Reflections on ethical issues in marketing management: An empirical examination.” Journal of Global Scholars of Marketing Science, vol.28, no.1, 2018, pp.86-95.

Kim, Stephen K., and Sungwook Min. “Business model innovation performance: when does add new business; model benefits an incumbent.” Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal vol. 9, no.1, 2015, 34-57.

Lieberman, Marvin B., Gwendolyn K. Lee, and Timothy B. Folta. “Entry, exit, and the potential for resource redeployment.” Strategic management journal vol.38, no.3, 2017, pp. 526-544.

Quadrini, Vincenzo. “The external risks of financial integration for emerging economies.” Essays sober Political, economic vol.35, no.82 2017, pp.18-24.

Wu, Dazhong, et al. “Cloud-based design and manufacturing: A new paradigm in digital manufacturing and design innovation.” Computer-Aided Design vol.59, 2015, pp.1-14.

Summary Of Case Management and it’s various steps

Summary Of Case Management and it’s various steps


Domestic violence is a serious challenge that has led to post-traumatic stress disorders among many families within the country. Furthermore, these cases require proper attention by adopting a feasible framework for affected individuals to express all the fears and concerns of their situations. The determination of the appropriate approach to handling these situations requires an integrated therapy and combination with both traditional and non-traditional techniques to enhance free will self-determination between the individuals involved. The primary measure under this matter often strategies on the application of the context of support seeking and talking to professional to develop the confidence to express themselves (Woodside, & McClam, 2016). Therefore, it is vital to address the summary of the client case management, to assist Candice shift to transitional housing from her current shelter.

The File of Candice

The files provided are in order from the reception to the program to the discharge summary of the program. The details of the file are filled appropriately with the client’s name indicated in the tab of the files appropriately. Besides, there is also an agency number which is embedded on the tab of the patient files

Verification Appointed Letter

The case file management process of the client was established with the necessary procedures to be followed. The fundamental aspect from the files entails the letter for verification of the appointment dated 9th January to inform the client of the schedule program. Primarily, this letter was sent from the support team committee of the counselors to develop a suitable plan that can assist in solving the case. This letter had a clear indication of the client’s name, the date in which the schedule of the program would take place and the signature of the manager.

Face sheets

The face sheets entail the details of the client which have the intake assessment forms, questioner forms. Furthermore, the client also managed to fill up the questionnaire forms from the face sheet. These forms addressed the case management unit of the formal background of the client such as her education levels, home address, and medical history. In the way of the apex of management, the questionnaire entails a random assessment of the questions regarding the current relationship risk factors, evaluations of possible suicide or homicide incidences (Scales & Kelly, 2016).

The New Referral and Inquiry Forms of The Client

There was also a management form that described the new referral or inquiry about the client. This form entailed the description of the problem experienced by the client, the evaluation or previous services and treatment received and the deposition intake for the situation of the client. The parent or spouse section is circled, and aspects that are not applicable are in the place as well. There is also an adequate capture of the chief complaint, which indicated the reason why the client was present to the program.

Assessment Form

The assessment and planning of the client’s case management involved various aspects needed to satisfy the requirements of the client. The case of Candice revealed the necessary basic needs that the client wanted to meet her demands from the situation. These consist of shelter, complete assurance that her husband would not be a threat to her life and the children. Besides, the assessment report also indicated that she resides in a shelter after the separation from her hostile husband. The plans to transfer her into a transitional housing are underway even though Candice also stated that she might not stay longer in the place. The counselor’s assessment suggested that living with her husband would present more risk and being separated is the best alternative to prevent domestic violence. The planning process, on the other hand, was essential for the client because it entails the involvement of multiple stakeholders. The role of these members involved is to establish the allocation of resources, placing the activities that suit the client within the correct timeline, and to arrange the teams such as counselors, and financers with the necessary strategy (Rowe, 2013). The counseling sessions are organized according to the schedules agreed by the client and representatives and the focus to process the shift of temporary shelter to transitional housing. In general, the assessment and planning programs for the client received from the forms are fit and also describes the essential aspects affecting the client.

Service and Treatment Plan

The service and treatment plan developed for the client is by the requirements and is meant for the counseling process. There are two options suggested for Candice to consider before making her own decision. One of the available options consists of the recommendation to stay for at least ninety days within the transitional housing. During this time, the betterer program would be on the process to evaluate the effectiveness of the results obtained from her husband. The other option entails the need to allow the client to continue with her intention of moving with the partner. However, contingency measures would be put in place to ensure safety and immediate evacuation should there be no change. Notably, these activities require linking to coordinate the timeline of events and provide necessary resources to help in the recovery of such situations to the client. The essential measures to be undertaken also consist of proper counseling process of Candice and the children. The monitoring process, on the other hand, would be useful to ascertain the quality of services provided to meet the predetermined condition within logic and timely manner. The goals of this session were satisfied with the established measures put into consideration to solve the issue among the client and the husband.


The type of service provided under this is significantly correct to the case. Primarily this is because the program entailed the necessary needed details for the client to recover from the challenge. The counseling sessions were provided with every activity and latter the medication to assist in the treatment process. Besides the five-axis were filled out according to the requirements of the program.

The goals and objectives

The goals and objectives provided to the client are doable because they follow medical practices which are appropriate for the program. For example, the patient experienced some signs of psychomotor retardation and pressured speech. These elements were the vital signs indicating unhealthy condition leading to high levels of depression and anxiety due to her passive behavior. The recommendation given to the patient was, therefore, to take medication after doing the screening.

Termination Letter

The termination letter addressed match of the case notes for the final interview. Further, it indicated the process in which the client underwent such as the assessments, linking and planning, the procedure of monitoring as well as the summary of the case. The experiences that many families have on increasing domestic violence and unhealthy relationships were some of the significant aspects discussed.

 Discharge Summary

The letter of termination had a match of the case notes for the final interview, and the question answered appropriately. The letter also summarizes the major points which are discussed in the meeting. The available options of either are staying for 90 days before the shift to move to the transition home or moving back to her house with the husband. The headings are addressed accordingly with an essential recommendation on the best way to consider. Additionally, this recommendation matches the client where she is right now.


The case management consists of a client maned Candice, a 33-year-old woman who was living in a shelter and needed to shift to transitional housing. The client joined the counseling program to get the best service due to the challenges she faces with her husband. There are various steps in which the client followed the counseling process. The first step was the assessment that involved various elements in revealing the basic needs, such as shelter and emotional counseling. The planning process is the next stage, which encompasses the involved stakeholders, which is followed by the linking and monitoring that determine the rationale of the process to come up with the overall possible option to follow.


Scales, T. L., & Kelly, M. S. (2016). Christianity and social work: Readings on the integration of Christian faith and social work practice. (4th ed.). Botsford, CT: North American Association of Christians in Social Work. 

Rowe, A. K. (2013). The effect of performance indicator category on estimates of intervention effectiveness. International journal for quality in health care25(3), 331-339.

Woodside, M. R., & McClam, T. (2016). Generalist case management: A method of human service delivery. Nelson Education.

A Case Study Of Financial Health Care and the access to information

A Case Study Of Financial Health Care and the access to information

The access to information regarding the price and quality of healthcare services can be significantly essential to customers to make a better decision on their care. However, it has been surprisingly difficult for most of the customers to obtain such information because there is no transparency of in price within healthcare. The primary concern addresses the fact that patients rarely view the real cost until after they receive the information from the healthcare providers. The price and quality of services often vary considering the type of the provider, which means that higher costs involved do not necessarily mean an equal to the higher quality of care. The understanding of price transparency in healthcare is considered to be a laudable concept making patients to want it. Therefore, the understanding of copayment problem in the case study is essential to consider when it is either an unethical or ethical issue to the patients and would require ultimate investigation from the relevant authority.

Part One; Unethical Issue

The aspect of the co-paying arrangement of health care bills between the patients and provider has been a conflict of interest for many years. The reason for this is because the providers have not been able to offer transparency in their price of services. Moreover, the providers have the opportunity to negotiate the prices provided to their customers. The patients, on the other hand, depends on this agreement since they believe of the influence of their insurers. However, there is a development of price discrimination because they charge their clients differently depending on the contract from the provider. Notably, the provision of information in the current state is limited to the patients and required an effort to establish price elasticity for the patients. Similarly, the use of patient information is considered to weaken the position for demanding higher quality and efficiency because of the wrong prescription on the cost-sharing information (Reinhardt, 2013). As a result, the development of price transparency in healthcare by providers has been significantly expressing the unethical aspect in the provision of proper information on the treatment process within healthcare institutions.

The co-payment problem present unethical issues for the patient given the fact that providers do not uphold on to price transparency. The price for a similar medical service often varies depending on the provider. Conversely, this has led to the development of price elasticity causing severe consequences for consumers in the health care system. Furthermore, the growing evidence on this aspect has contributed to higher spending for the same service in different healthcare institutions. Primarily this is because the development of transparency can assist in mitigating the practice of unethical issues. The reason for this element is because it can combat the provision of additional price variations. The other challenge which makes co-payment to present unethical problem is experienced in providing consumers with better price information that are being difficult to give consumers the information they require to estimate the cost of care accurately.  

The solution to this issue can be crafted to various determinants that can effectively assist in solving the problem. The provision of price transparency in the health system requires some essential measures to be undertaken as an authority involved in the system. Moreover, Medicare can assume a leadership role to make the quality and costs of information which is provided by both the patents and providers to be easily accessible by the public. As a result, initiating public-private partnerships cans be suitable to create multi-payer databases with uniform quality metrics and methodologies of transparency to adjust the current costs and quality of health care (Reinhardt, 2013). Besides, the department of health and human sciences can create a national quality coordination board to be recommended as an institute of medicine. Therefore, the involved parties can establish critical elements to supervise the process of initiating the development of services which meet the standards of the customers. In this regard, this element encourages the incorporation of an improved performance system which can be operated by private insurers and Medicare.

Part Two; Addressing the Ethical Aspect

The development of a co-payment system is an ethical practice in the health care system. The patients and the providers can make agreements based on the terms which suit their capabilities to ensure they meet their demands in the provision of healthcare services. Therefore, the development of price transparency entails various modules which should be put into consideration. For instance, it is addressing variations which, requires the policymakers, payers, and consumers to develop effective techniques, which provide the scope of relevant information (Reinhardt, 2013). Notably, price transparency can assist the patients in making the right decision on their health status. As a result, the appropriate costs determination in regards to accuracy in payments should contain negotiated or discounted prices that are set with their insurer. The case of Gerald did not indicate this part, because it was under the agreement signed by him before accepting the services of his insurer. Consequently, the total amount for the care is addressed to suggest the combination of all billed services for health care procedure. The consumer sharing costs should only be presented with the elaboration of any form of discount recorded as part of the bill when the insurer and the patient had put it as an agreement during their development of service strategy (Sinaiko, & Rosenthal, 2011). Nonetheless, the costs determinant of health care is established to illustrate health plan of patients and the estimated out of pocket costs of the consumers to meet their needs on additional services, which are unexpected during treatment that has separate cost-sharing obligations.

The development of legal issues is considered to be an ethical issue because it has a restriction to give the patients the opportunity to determine negotiation plans. Primarily this is because the contract offered always have clauses that prohibit the customers from accessing the information. The other challenge to providing consumers with better price information is to develop accurate cost sharing estimates (Sinaiko, & Rosenthal, 2011). The information which is shared by the health plans on negotiation prices does not tell the consumer how much they would pay out of their pockets. Conversely, this would only focus on insured consumers to access individualized estimates suggesting just the amount they would pay through the cost-sharing process. Therefore, the development of medical procedures, which entails multiple billed services will only follow the clause form the agreements between the patient and the insurer. The problems which can be experienced is the provision of a medical procedure put up in a single bill of the service. For example, a surgery conducted in the hospital may require the attention of a different specialist. The billing can be added to total the prices on different separate services produced by these specialists to sum them up. As a result, estimated bills can be provided through an accurate total cost summed up together by individualizing the bill to the respective patient.

Conclusively, the development of price transparency in the healthcare system can be viewed in two different perspectives depending on how it is addressed to the people. The ethical aspect is established out of the development of agreement clauses provided when the contract is made. These elements in the arrangement then bind the patients, and the insures to meet their obligations during the provision of services. The unethical component, on the other hand, is also addressing a legitimate concern to express transparency of services provided. For instance, negotiating prices by the provider without telling patients is unethical practice in healthcare services. The case of Gerald is an example which highlights both sides and the measures which should be put into consideration to determine the best services.


Reinhardt, U. E. (2013). The disruptive innovation of price transparency in health care. Jama310(18), 1927-1928.

Sinaiko, A. D., & Rosenthal, M. B. (2011). Increased price transparency in health care—challenges and potential effects. New England Journal of Medicine364(10), 891-894.

The Development of strategic planning

The Development of strategic planning

The development of strategic planning is vital within a company because it assists in defining the direction and process of making decisions to allocate the available resources to achieve the objectives. Furthermore, it may also entail the need to control mechanisms, which are used to guide the implementation of the desired strategy. The main focus of strategic planning for delta international airlines is to determine and set priorities, which deal with the ability to strengthen the operations that ensure the stakeholders and employees are working towards achieving the common goal (Delta Airlines Inc., 2017). Therefore, it is imperative to understand the development of strategic tactics and the implementation, evaluation, and continuous improvement of Delta Company to achieve its competitive advantage in the industry.

The strategic management process entails a set of rules that assist in the development of strategic tactics of a company such as delta airlines. The tactic which delta airlines can develop is the need to improve the customer experience with the company. The employees of the company are the individuals who are the first people to initiate the need to create change. Most of the airlines do not have the best reputation within their operations in the contemporary world. The reason behind such cases is due to the constant flight delays, the crowded terminals that are experienced by the customers. These challenges often need measures that can be useful to mitigate the issues to the customers by focusing on improving the marketing tenets. The primary provision and strategies to be put in place can be the redefinition of the fight experience through the development of a continuous longstanding tradition of treatment of customers by the employees. The ideal vision is based on the determination activities, which impact the employees to be active in their duties. This aspect aims to reflect on the ideology that happy employees is often equal to happy customers. The other strategic tactic is the development of technology innovation that has become the prevailing trends in the business world. The airline industry companies are investing in the invention of techniques, which can minimize problems they face by keeping up with new advancements. For instance, achieving this element can be effective through the provision of services such as free wi-fi, flight entertainment that can be considered as vital flyers. These changes in the development of technology have assisted delta airlines in accomplishing the objectives to become competitive within the industry. The level of success is often considered through the level of differentiation of the company, which delta airlines have incorporated to be the leader among their competitors (Delta Airlines Inc., 2017). The changes in cultures that are required to meet these development tactics can be based on the operations and leadership management of the company. Delta airlines can change their routines in regards to the leadership structure, which can give or provide an immediate change necessary needed.

The strategic development tactics need to be incorporated through implementation, evaluation and enhancing continuous improvement by the company management. The implementation of customer relationship and experience is considered a serious challenge within the airline industry. Primarily, this is because it brings about the changes that take place at all levels that involve every employee. However, there are various strategies in which delta airlines can use to implement the strategy for continuous improvement successfully. Ensuring the leadership management are actively involved is one of the ways that can be used by the company. The adoption of the strategy can be successful when people use the system, especially from the senior executives. The project of customer experience often involves all people in the organization and the association of top management can be useful in inspiring to build credibility within delta airlines (Delta Airlines Inc., 2017). Pitting up sufficient training and involving effective project manager can also be imperative in implementing and ensuring continuous improvement of customer experience. The most important person is the individual having the mandate to run the project because they often orchestrate the entire show.  Therefore, the identification of such individual with the necessary skills set can take essential steps and time to meet the goals. The project manager does not necessarily come from the management team but instead a person with enthusiasm and commitment to deliver and obtain the objectives of the company.

Conclusively, the understanding of strategic planning is vital for companies in the airline industry. The benefit of developing this element is to assist in making priorities, which focus on strengthening the operations by ensuring the employees are working towards achieving the goals of the company. Therefore, the development tactics of strategy that Delta airline needs to put into consideration is the customer experience and improvement in the level of technology innovation. These challenges are essential because they are common issues that affect most of the companies in the airline industry. Notably, the implementation of these tactics consists of involvement of leadership management to take part in the development of these strategies. The other way to implement the project entails the use of enthusiastic manager in operations who do not necessarily need to be from the management team.


Delta Airlines Inc. (2017). People are Our Priority. Corporate Responsibility Report. Retrieved from

Pizza Oh Briefing Note: A successful Canadian chain of pizza outlets

Pizza Oh Briefing Note: A successful Canadian chain of pizza outlets


Pizza, Oh! is a successful Canadian chain of pizza outlets operating within the United States of America and Canada looking to join globalization.

Purpose of Briefing Note

The reason for this briefing note is to advise the leadership management of pizza Oh of the best strategy to use while expanding globally. The focus will be based on the need to consider the viable option on branding strategies available and the forms of service provision between the use of standardization and customization strategies.


Pizza, Oh! has been a successful Canadian company through the chain of pizza outlet in which it operates throughout the United States and Canada. Furthermore, the company has focused on building a presence in the industry by developing strategies, such as positioning the operations from a fast food type restaurant to a more emphasize elements of superior food quality excellent services and a suitable environment for the customers. In this regard, it has realized the need to expand internationally through its operations to improve the customer’s reach through diversification `in different markets (De Beule, Elia, & Piscitello, 2014). The management is tasked with the decision on the best strategies to use for the market entries in overseas markets by the company.


Pizza, Oh! will require to choose a significant strategy for new market entry through the application of appropriate name branding as well as the type of service provided to the targeted overseas markets. The company also prides itself a reliant and excellent service within the market due to its successful improvements and innovations in the delivery of services.


The company started its operations initially as a fast food restaurant in the market until the new development of changes made by the management. The changes made were a shift from its brand name and services provided, which they referred to as restaurant with superior food quality excellent services and a suitable environment for the customers. Furthermore, to levels of competition, the company seeks its presence in the international market.


The best way to determine the review for the type of service or market entry model that can suit the company is through the application of SWOT analysis.

The strengths. Pizza Oh views the level of customer satisfaction through its model of business operations implemented over the recent past. The development of strategic positioning has been the strength of the company since it has improved the level of customer satisfaction by setting up amenities, which attract more and new customers to the premises (Pandit, & Poojari, 2014).

Weakness. The local customers feel that there is a little gap exhibited through the exclusion of everybody to fit in the menu. For instance, parents who liked to dine with their children find it limited because there is no provision of their menus.

Threat. The rising level of competition as customers always goes for the greater convenience of the services that does not exclude other people. Another threat of the company is the ability to consider rebranding, which would have an impact on their service delivery (Ghasemi, Abdi, Yaghmaei, & Nemati, 2015). Proper management of service delivery should be strategized with a backup of research to determine and express the image of the company positively.

Opportunities. The strategic positioning in which the company developed has provided a positive impact within the market. There are many customers interested to dine within the restaurants of pizza due to their excellent and superior food quality supplied by the company. The other opportunity in which the company has is the ability to expand into different overseas markets (Syed, 2016). Primarily, this is created by its brand image present in the market, which has significantly attracted new customers.


Pizza oh presents a likely strategic move to expand their market reach through globalization. Furthermore, the essential aspect to put into consideration is the weaknesses and threats it may receive through the operations when considering to expand into the overseas markets. The global brand name is often an essential element, which sells the name of the company and attracts new customers due to its presence in other markets. Therefore, a further application would significantly impact the operations of the targeted market.


It is recommended that the company should use its brand name and the standardization strategy for international expansion of business operations. The reason for this aspect is because it will improve and develop a positive image of the company to the targeted markets due to the policies known from other markets (De Beule, Elia, & Piscitello, 2014). This primarily states their quality of service on the provision of superior fast food quality and excellent satisfaction of customers.

Key Message/ Points to Register

The pizza Oh has attracted many customers within the local and international market through its brand and business operations structure.  Therefore, it should be focusing on the initiation programs which will make the development of new branches overseas to be meet the potential of these markets.            


De Beule, F., Elia, S., & Piscitello, L. (2014). Entry and access to competencies abroad: Emerging market firms versus advanced market firms. Journal of International Management20(2), 137-152.

Ghasemi, I., Abdi, E., Yaghmaei, O., & Nemati, R. (2015). Effects of competitive advantage on the company’s superiority in the global market. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences57, 65-73.

Pandit, V., & Poojari, A. (2014). A study on amazon prime air for feasibility and profitability: A graphical data analysis. IOSR Journal of Business and Management16(11), 06-11.

Syed, I. (2016). SWOT analysis and operation management decisions of Domino’s pizza. GRIN Verlag.

Comparison Of Thanatopsis And The Prairies By William Cullen Bryant

Comparison Of Thanatopsis And The Prairies By William Cullen Bryant

Thanatopsis is one of the famous poems which was written by William Cullen Bryant that refers to the views on death in Greek. Further, Bryant poem tries to comfort people from their fears of death through the poem while speaking on the love of nature which is considered to confront individuals in life and death. The author explains that people come from dust where they live on the earth for a while and later become absorbed back to the earth where they will stay longer than alive. The prairies on the other hand by William Cullen Bryant as well describes the image of mistreatment of Native Americans during their early 1800s. The depiction of literature indicates the place of beauty and freedom which is represented in many potential ways. The poem also involves a great deal of praise which surrounds the discovery and exploration of this new America. Primarily this served as a pitch which was used to encourage the movement of white Americans into the wilderness further because the author’s references and description were mainly based on the native Americans as part of the figurative language applied in the poem. Therefore, it is imperative to understand the comparison of Thanatopsis and The Prairies poems in regards to the explanation of romanticism literary works by the author.

The primary goal used by Bryant in the Prairies poem was to paint a positive image of the west Americans to the targeted audience. Primarily Bryant wanted to apply the use of imagery to swoon most of the white settlers to move on their westward. This is depicted from the first line of the poem which is presented with the analysis of beautiful and romantic metaphor. It states that these are the gardens of the desert (Bryant “Prairies” 495).  Bryant describes these prairies as not a barren wasteland of the real desert but instead a flowering oasis which exists in the wilderness of American. There is a constant indication of more romantic sediment that takes place in the west throughout the poem that includes various aspects as illustrated in different lines. These lines state that as if the ocean is in its gentlest swell, and motionless forever, no- they are all unchained again” (Bryant “Prairies” 496). Notably, these lines are examples of a snapshot of American romanticism since the author paints to the audience a surreal portrait of the landscape moving and is in the actuality of the essence of the American wilds. The Thanatopsis, on the other hand, has the goal to comfort individuals fear of death. The poem illustrates the nature of love that brings comfort to life even though there is also an occurrence of death afterward. The aspects of romanticism are expressed when the author describes the arms of nature that we wait to receive because it is part of humankind to die in the end (Hay 480). The death does not matter on everyone whether an individual is wealthy, influential in the earth, but the ultimate purpose of all is death. This means that the earth is viewed as a magnificent tomb of man or beautiful and marvelous as described by the author.

The other goal which is put into consideration by the poems is the need to understand the guilt of beautiful cultures within the environment. In the poem prairies, there is ease set in the consciousness which is often shaming the white settlers not to drive the natives out of their traditional territory. The approach of this goal is determined through the use of historical similes which suggest the native Americans be uncultured savages. In this concept, the positive imagery of older inhabitants of the American wilderness is expressed to describe the existing culture. The author states that are they here/ the dead of other days (Bryant “Prairies”496). The phrase “dead of the other days” indicates that the people in which the author views have a cultured and glorious extinct from their land. There is also an indication that the past societies have fallen although there are some fragments which remain in their civilizations which are scattered throughout the wilderness of empty admirable people. The evidence of this element can be found through these lines’ which states that, did the dust/ of these fair solitudes once stir with life/ and burn with passion (Bryant “Prairies”496). These lines present the past cultures which the author has figuratively used to disconnect the ancient people from the west who are the native Americans. In thanatopsis, the understanding of culture is described through the reincarnation in all of the forms of life that gain sustenance from people when they are gone either in the earth, ashes or even waters (Bryant “Thanatopsis.” 51). The focus is to live a life and realize that death will come someday because it awaits everyone. It the cultural belief that it won’t take forever for an individual to live in this earth because life is not about the prettiest or famous person since all of them will be faced with death at the end (Hay 485). The poem also depicts when nature speaks to people she loves and those familiar with its appearance. Further, when they are happy, then it speaks in a beautiful and satisfying voice. The author, therefore, suggests that when people begin to talk about death and the uncomfortable images it possesses, then it is imperative to follow the cultural practice to get out and listen to the beautiful voice of nature.

Bryant uses the figurative justification language to justify the elements of romanticism in both the poems. In the Prairies, there is the justification of mistreatment of the North Americans which seems like these people need to be driven out of their homeland. He states that “the red man too/ he left the existing blooming wilds he ranged long ago/ and also nearer to the Rocky Mountains sought” (Bryant “Prairies” 497). The use of some words such as the blooming and wilder are the essential ones which refer to the state of the west which is now blooming and open with the growth of civilization of the western culture. The author has suggested on the native Americans in that they are waiting to leave the newly cultivated west to look for more savage and wild territory. In the Thanatopsis, there are also figurative terms described by the author within the poem. For instance, nature is often referred to as a force an idea, but in this poem, it is personified and described as a lady. Turning an idea like nature to a woman with a voice depicts an intended expression to the targeted audience. Besides, since this poem is also about death, it is not a surprising aspect which indicates the images of graves, tombs, and coffins being all over the place within the poem. It states that the world is nothing but “the existence of the great tomb of man” (Bryant “Thanatopsis.”46). Notably, the idea that death is not a negative and painful thing but a comforting element is the equalizer to the theme illustrated within the poem. In general, both the poems have indicated the use of symbolism in various capacities to provide the audience with the picture of expressions intended.

Works cited

Bryant, William Cullen. “The Prairies.” The Norton Anthology of American Literature. Ed. Nina Baym. New York: Norton, 201, pp. 495-98.

Bryant, William Cullen. “Thanatopsis.” The North American Review (1821-1940) vol. 201, no.710, 1915, pp151.

Hay, John. “A Poet of the Land: William Cullen Bryant and Moundbuilder Ecology.” ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance vol.61, no.3, 2015, pp. 475-511.

Reflection On Ethical Dilemma

Reflection On Ethical Dilemma

In a perfect world, businesses and their workers would always tend to do the right thing in their operations. However, in the contemporary world, the development of an ethical dilemma is considered to be a common aspect which occurs with the workplace. Dilemmas are the problems or situations where a person has to make a difficult choice between moral and immoral act. According to the business operations of Ike Libby, the performance of the business is low with several demands to fulfill. The focus of Libby is to ensure that the business can be profitable in the long run. Unfortunately, the ethical dilemma on whether to lend Robert is a significant concern for him as well. The way business managers often respond to the responses determine the shape and character of future business operations. There are some cases where the avoidable circumstances cannot be ignored in doing business because the lack of addressing them cannot be the best way. The understanding of ethical dilemma is vital to make ethical choices in business operations.

The approach of ethics which Libby can enforce is to create awareness of personal values which constitute to human welfare and set of beliefs. The negative elements that can be harmful to human welfare consist of poverty, lack of opportunities violation of human rights among others. The development of altruistic behaviors can also improve social welfare by ensuring equal treatment, kindness, and compassion to provide an opportunity for those who lack. These are the elements which Libby should consider because they assist in understanding ethics and ethical dilemmas of doing the right thing in professional lives (Barry, 2019). Therefore, giving Gerald more debt could harm the business operation to some extent but also assist in creating reputation to the community through making such decision in the market. Putting these values in work plays a critical role in business because they evaluate the concept of unavoidable ethical dilemmas which also applies in private life.

A business ethical dilemma exists when the company makes decisions on the choice between two or more option which has various impacts on profitability and competitiveness. The determination of ethical responsibility by Libby can be addressed in different aspects. The understanding of Severity of harm is one of the elements which should be put into consideration by Libby because it would determine the risks involved in deciding on an ethical dilemma. The occurrence of risk can be an essential issue which can influence the operations of the business activities (Hanson, 2011). The provision of the decision passed to help the customer can be personal but at the same time also affecting the business operation. The other element is the certainty of harm which should identify the problems and opportunities to choose the best option in an ethical dilemma. The conditions for certainty provide information necessary to determine the clarity of the situation by knowing the available resources (Hanson,  2011). In most cases, the solutions are made from the past experiences which correspond appropriately to the issues affecting the business operations.

Conclusively, the understating of ethical dilemmas is essential to make the best decision in every business. Besides, setting out personal values which constitute to development of human welfare should also be put into consideration by managers to improve on the process of making the best decision in doing the right thing. Making profits and being competitive are not only the values for success in deciding on ethical dilemma but also considering beliefs and values which promote human welfare such as equal treatment compassion can be imperative in the business world.


Barry, Dan (2019) In Fuel Oil Country, Cold That Cuts to the Heart. © 2019 The New York Times Company

Kirk, Hanson  (2011) Am I Responsible?. Retrieved from