childhood education

Improving the Effectiveness of Programs for Bilingual Children’s Development

my immense passion

          Driven by my immense passion in childhood education, I noted that in the academic year 2013-2014, only fourteen percent of the students classified as English learners received bilingual instructions. After reviewing some of the bills that you have sponsored, I have also noted that you are a strong advocate for appropriate children education. Your career in early childhood education and great contributions in the Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies (LHHS) show your strong commitment to improving the quality of education for young children. As such, your remarkable experience and understanding of matters related to early childhood education make me certain that you will address or assist in dealing with some of the issues affecting education of bilingual children in our statechildhood education.

Educational demands

          I have noted with much concern that the policy system related to children education in Washington State is in a total disarray; hence, it cannot address the educational demands of bilingualchildren adequately. The existing policies are also inadequate to create functional programs addressing the challenges in the English learners’ area. Therefore, about 85% of student in need of bilingual education in Washington State do not get a chance to get it. Since the Washington state’s is highly diverse, and Multilanguage learning has been found to improve intelligence; it therefore, indicates that the issue affects almost every family in Washington. Hence, an immediate action is required to improve the policy system and the individual legislations to capture the high number of the students and families affected. For instance, the lack of most policies in Washington State to capture the need for improvement of social-emotional troubleshooting of English learners’ talents means that English learners in Washington State possess social-emotional deficiencies and lack enough skills for problem solving, which can be enhanced in the dual-classes.childhood education

Bilingual learning program

            Willie and Fishman (2014) observe that there exist three necessary adaptations for ensuring a bilingual learning program is successful: structural, language, and cultural adaptations. The scholars explain that structural adjustments are needed to ensure bilingual learning conforms to the needs of students and their families. In the study, teachers reported that instructing and coaching equipped them with tools required for executing bilingual class sessions. Being sensitive to language and cultural fit is also important when training and coaching in bilingual and bicultural environments. Addressing these issues will require balancing competing needs of adapting programs for English learners while ensuring fidelity to a support-based model in Washington State.childhood education

A robust model

          A robust model consisting of teachers’ training and weekly coaching as well as continuous technical assistance is critical in dual-language instruction. The bilingual school programs will require a strong involvement of executing grantees to be successful, with grantee managers requiring a parallel approach to development for broad enhancement. Additionally, restructuring of the dual-language learning programs to incorporate a variety of values relevant to English learners’ environment is necessary. Including parents to give their perspectives from which challenges can be identified is also important. Furthermore, teachers who share a common language with the studentsshould be involved to ensure that the meaning of the original curriculum is maintained.childhood education

 Labelling, English

           Labelling, English as a Second Language (ESL) learners, as not Americans because of their use of native languages is another source of concern in Washington State. In a similar manner to the Proposition 227 instituted in California State, Policies in Washington State possess racial undertones and discourage bilingual classes in the State(Ulloa, 2016). The problem can be addressed by implementing policies similar to California’s Proposition 58 that rescinds English-only lessons in the entire state for public schools (Ulloa, 2016). The policy allows local parents and teachers to determine how to institute their multilingual class programs. For this reason, various stakeholders such as elected leaders, school boards association, immigrant families, and California Chamber of Commerce have lauded the proposition. The policy has received much support in the State due to the realization that preserving the local language is an asset unlike 20 years ago when the issue was highly politicized and racially charged.childhood education

Resolving the issue

          Additionally, resolving the issue in Washington State will require development of a diverse electorate to discourage divisive politics such as those observed in California 20 years ago. Policies similar to Proposition 227, which come with racial undertones and are against institutions of multilingual programs, should be discouraged and thatpromotingbilingual language development encouraged. I believe that removing policies such as Proposition 227 and other discriminatory laws that deny the heritage speakers a chance to learn English in Washington State will be critical to ensure development of successful bilingual programs (Ulloa, 2016).childhood education

Encourage monolingualism.

          In Washington State, students are further disadvantaged due to policies that encourage monolingualism. According to Kamenetz (2016), research in the past 20 years indicates that monolingualism is a disservice to students who would otherwise benefit from positive brain enhancement through multilingual studies. Therefore, policies that encourage bilingual languages as a way of enhancing learner’s minds should be adopted in Washington State. For example, Kamenetez (2016)recommends such programs as the two-immersion programs that benefit a student’s brain.childhood education

Numerous neuroscience studies

          Moreover, officials in the State’s education system should adopt findings of numerous neuroscience studies that encourage multilingual lessons because when practice meets research, bilingual education is one of the rare happy Nexus instances. I believe that programs that assimilate learners to one language deny the students a chance to expand their brainpower; therefore, biliteracy and bilingualism focusing on giving instructions to both English natives and learners should be approved. childhood education

Underperforming regarding passing

          I also noted that most of English teachers in Washington State are underperforming regarding passing knowledge to the native speakers.Notably, I can associate this underperformance with the lack of a robust policy to ensure that the educators possess excellent skills to enhance their relationship with their students. A program that informs the teachers on the best approaches to apply when handling native speakers is urgently required in Washington State. According to Batt (2010), teachers with extensive knowledge on bilingual teaching strategies are more successful in their services. Batt, also notes that teachers who consistently attend coaching programs on the best bilingual teaching strategies excel more compared to those who do not. However, Batt, noted that there exist individuals who argue that coaching programs cannot solve the issue because teacher-student relationship is a personal commitment and not a skill based matter. Batt identified that such claims are unfounded and the coaching program possess immense potential to boost student-teacher relationshi.childhood education

Mandatory programs

          Therefore, mandatory programs focusing on bilingual learning for English teachers are necessary to ensure that the instructors flourish in educating native language speakers. Policies to create regular coaching sessions on the best bilingual teaching methods, as well as encouraging or coercing English educators to attend, should be adopted in Washington State. I believe that teachers play a critical role in the academic success of a student; hence, coaching sessions should be introduced to improve the level of knowledge and skills they possesschildhood education

Poor childhood education

            Lack of loyalty among teachers to their service and the Stateis another notable factor that contributes to poor childhood education in Washington State. I noted that there exists no policy creating a program for training loyal English teachers in the state. According to Echevarria, Richards-Tutor, Chinn, and Ratleff(2011),fidelity programs for English teachers make the educators identify the purpose of their service, hence becoming more vigilant in finding ways to achieve the goal. Therefore, introducing fidelity-training programs for the English teachers is one of the efficient methods of improving loyalty of educators. Therefore, English educators in Washington State should regularly be evaluated to ensure that they are loyal to their work and State.Accordingly, teachers with low or without loyalty should be recommended to fidelity training programs. However, some people argue that such kind of programs can be demoralizing to the teaching fraternity hence achieve the opposite of the expected.Echevarria, Richards-Tutor, Chinn, and Ratleff, however, note that the demoralizing factor of the programs can be checked by attaching appropriate motivation requirements to the program. I believe fidelity is the foundation of bilingual education; hence, more emphasis should be applied on the matter in Washington.childhood education

Concerned resident of Washington State,

            As a concerned resident of Washington State, I feel that the policy issues mentioned above hinder effective childhood education to both English and native language speakers. I believe that implementing effective policies on federal and state level will help in resolving matters raised in this letter for a better Washington State. Therefore, I urge you to take into much consideration policies related to the socio-emotional troubleshooting for English learners as well as teachers training and coaching, with an emphasis on fidelity and bilingual teaching methods on a federal state platform. I would also like you to use your political influence and connections to mobilize the council of the district of Columbia and other relevant stakeholders to come up with effective policies on bilingual learning-incorporating the solutions presented above-in the state.childhood education

Professional development

Thank you in advance.

Sincerely,

Mengwen Cui.

References

Batt, E. (2010). Cognitive coaching: A

phase in professional development to implement sheltered instruction. Teaching and Teacher Education26(4), 997-1005. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2009.10.042

Echevarria, J., Richards-Tutor, C., Chinn, V., & Ratleff, P. (2011). Did they get it? The role of fidelity in teaching English learners. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy54(6), 425-434. http://dx.doi.org/10.1598/jaal.54.6.4

Kamenetz, A. (2016). 6 Potential brain benefits of bilingual education. Retrieved fromhttp://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2016/11/29/497943749/6-potential-brain-benefits-of-bilingual-education

Ulloa, J. (2016, Oct. 12). Bilingual education has been absent from California public schools for almost 20 years. But that may soon change. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved fromhttp://www.latimes.com/politics/la-pol-ca-proposition-58-bilingual-education-20161012-snap-story.html Wille, J., & Fishman, M. (2014). Head start cares for migrant and seasonal families: adapting a preschool social-emotional curriculum. Retrieved from http://www.mdrc.org/sites/default/files/HS_CARES_Migrant%20Report_ES_MDRC.pdfchildhood education