1. In contrast to the statement in the preceding problem, some birds, such as an ostrich or a robin with a broken wing, cannot fly. However, it would not seem reasonable to construct a deductive reasoning system in which all the exceptions to the statement “All birds can fly” are explicitly listed. How then do we as humans decide whether a particular bird can or cannot fly?
2. Explain how the meaning of the sentence “I read the new tax law” depends on the context.