Write 6 pages with APA style on Creating Stress Management Programs For Firefighters. However, he emphasizes the fact that if a stress management program is to be effective, then developing supports and providing resources is just as important as addressing the potential sources of stress. .  .  .  . In his study of occupational stress, Dewe (1989) has also pointed out that traditional work-specific measures may have different structures for different occupational groupings, since the stressors may be different and may generate different levels and types of stress. Therefore, it is necessary to go beyond the stress itself and discuss it in terms of its intensity, frequency, and meaning. One of the findings that Dewe(1989) arrived at was that individuals who participated in the study expressed a need to discuss the frequency of work stressors and also the intensity of those stressors. He also states that stress should be viewed as relational in nature and he found that stressful organizational practices tended to remain unchallenged because there was a tendency to deflect responsibility away from the organization. Strategies identified by the participants to cope with work-related stress also included changing, augmenting or enhancing their coping resources and responses. (Dewe 1989). .  .  .  .  .The damaging effects of stress have been further corroborated in recent studies, which have shown that chronic exposure to stress at work may also produce stress-related psychiatric disorders.(Dewa et al, 2007). Firefighters are exposed to a work environment where they are confronted with physical and emotional stress on a daily basis and therefore the incidence and potential for chronic work-related stress leading to disabilities may be greater, thereby mandating a need to develop effective stress management programs. Exposure to chronic or acute stressors in the occupational environment produces burnout that reduces productivity so that officers are unable to deal with the problems of citizens in a constructive manner (Burke and Mikkelson, 2005). After the events of .the World Trade Center took place on 9/11, Daniel Stewart, a 27-year-old Fire Department medical technician hanged himself in the basement of the apartment, as a result of the continuous trauma he was subjected to in hauling out fire-damaged body parts from the ruins of the World Trade Center.
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